Major Categories of Federal Income and Outlays in the United States (Fiscal Year 2019)

graph from IRS 1040 Instructions; slow reveal by Barbra Steinhurst

(Slide Deck includes notes and questions to elicit discourse)

**Type of Graph:** circle graph

**Source:** IRS 1040 Instructions

**Potential Math Content: **circle graph, pie chart, percentages, fractions, visualizing fractions

**Potential Content Connections:** government, politics, spending, economy

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Published by Jenna Laib

K-8 Math Specialist near Boston, MA
View all posts by Jenna Laib

Note from the author: These graphs are required by law to be published annually. So it’s easy to update by screengrabbing the graphs from the back few pages of the most recent 1040 Instructions. 🙂 (If you teach about misleading graphs, pulling and comparing these graphs over the past 30 years illustrates well the impact of perspective and 3D pie charts.)